Our body is formed by multitude of proteins, but there is one that stands out for being the most abundant, it is the collagen, and although it is true that it is the most numerous, with the passage of time it attenuates its production, in a progressive manner and making itself noticeable in the appearance of wrinkles and joint pains.
To this natural decrease, you can add other factors that make them descend more quickly and at an earlier age, such as if we have ever been or are overweight, if we do physical exercise that involves a lot of wear at the joint level, etc.
What is collagen?
Is the most abundant protein in our body, since it accounts for 7% of our entire body mass and more than 25% of our body's total number of protids, it is produced in the connective tissue by different cells, first of all by the fibroblasts, which are formed by chains of amino acids that provide us flexibility and strength in our tissues, it is a very important matter for our dermis, bones, ligaments, tendons, etc. In addition to this, it protects our muscles and vital organs, such as blood vessels, gums, corneas, etc.
It gives us elasticity in the skin, in addition to promoting cicatrization of wounds and marks that we have in our dermis. In this way our skin looks more hydrated, bright and ultimately, more beautiful and young.
Here is a link where you can check the best creams: Best creams with collagen.
exist 28 types within this protein and 42 genes that then give rise to it.
When we talk about collagen, we mean a entire family of linked protein molecules but different between them.
We say that they are unequal, because each one is conditioned by different genes, giving rise to the different types that exist.
28 types have been studied, although we are only going to talk about the first five, since they are the best known and the most important in our body. The main ones are the following:
We can say that it is the more abundant In our body, since it accounts for 90% of the total of this protein, it is found in different tissues such as muscles, bones, skin, tendons, cornea, intervertebral discs, etc. Its function is to offer strength and flexibility
We say that it is one of the most important because its deficit It can cause osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, childhood cortical hyperostosis, etc. Multitude of diseases, which we can avoid if we increase this lack with a supplement.
It is usually type I that is used to create the jellies and to investigate in all fields of health.
It is the main ingredient of cartilage, the vitreous humor of the eye and the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral discs. Its function offers intermittent pressure resistanceSometimes their fibers are so similar to those of type I that we cannot differentiate them. It is normally used in treatments for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
It is also used for eliminate cellulite and wrinkles, that is to improve our skin, something that interests us especially since it is what we talk about in this article.
Is he second most abundant in our body, and it is closely related to type I, since they are intertwined, for example in the muscles, skin, intestinal walls, blood vessels, even in the stroma of some glands.
It is very important in lattice fibers of the loose connective tissue (cell and hormone aligning support) whose main function is hold expandable organs.
Insufficiency of this type is also connected with diseases such as Ehlers-Danlos and Dupuytren.
This we can find in the basal lamina of epithelial tissue, in the lens of the eye, in filtration systems, such as in the blood capillaries, and the glomeruli of the renal nephrons.
Its function is that of hold and filter.
The deficit of this type can lead to Alport syndromes and also to Goodpasture syndrome.
It is found by the whole organism, being part of the interstitial tissue, is associated with type I and type IX in cartilage.
It is also found in the placenta and acts as one of the fibrogenesis regulatory factors.
Its deficit, like type I and III, gives rise to Ehlers-Danlos disease, as you have seen, is one of the most common due to the lack of said protein in our body.
Ehlers-Danlos: It is an inherited disorder, which causes loose joints, elastic skin where bruises form easily and blood vessels that are damaged with minimal effort.
What is it for?
When we talk about this protein, we talk about improvement in joints, rejuvenation, benefits in hair and nails, the proper functioning of our cardiovascular system, etc. But in this article we will focus on the wonderful benefits it offers us for our dermis.
Take care of our skin
The function of the protein in our complexion is that of create and maintain the structures of our tissues, especially of the dermis.
The state in which our hair, our dermis or our nailsHe will tell us how he is collagen level in our body. Although we know that over time natural production decreases, and we must supplement that lack of protein.
Here below I leave the benefits it provides to our lives:
- Hydrates and protects our skin:
There are external factors that attack to our dermis, as they are for example, the sun rays, tobacco smoke, pollution, etc. In this way we protects of these harmful agents, not allowing them to penetrate it, and also offering moisture and nutrition To make it look brighter and more nourished.
We know that over the years it is inevitable that these are reflected in our complexion, in the form of wrinkles and expression lines, this is due to the deficit of this protein, if on the contrary we did not have that lack, our dermis would look more tense and flexible, this supplement it helps us to rejuvenate our complexion, thus providing us with healthier and plethoric skin.
Normally the granite appearance It occurs in adolescence, but these are not due to the lack of such protein, but it is of hormonal changes typical of those ages, even so sometimes marks and scars remain. There are also people who are prone to the production of skin rashes in adulthood. In these cases this supplement is responsible for decrease them, offering us a healthier and smoother dermis.
Sometimes we have undergone an operation, a burn, a fall, etc., which then leave us scars and marks, because in these cases this group of particles are responsible for lighten the healing process, helping to eliminate them.
- Reduces cellulite and flabby skin:
Here our beloved molecule plays a fundamental role, since the Appearance of cellulite is a symptom of lack of collagen, leading to the dreaded orange peel. If we didn't have that deficit, our dermis would be smooth, soft and firm.
How can we find it?
As we age, our skin deteriorates, leading to the appearance of wrinkles and spots, this happens due to the lost production of the wonderful proteinFor this there are treatments and supplements that help us make our dermis look younger and healthier. There are different ways to find it:
- Synthetic: They are manufactured in laboratories and their principles are chemical, they have different functions than natural ones.
- Marine: It is natural and comes from the scales, cartilage, etc. of the fish. For more information consult this article: Discover the benefits of marine collagen.
- Porcine: It is natural and is obtained from cartilage and bones of pigs.
- Hydrolyzed: It is subjected to hydrolysis to reduce the size of the molecule, this is the most advisable to use, below we talk about why it is.
- Lyophilized: It is created at temperatures below freezing.
- Soluble: It is the most natural, since it is subject to minimal manipulation.
Why take it hydrolyzed?
First of all, we should know that it is a protein with a very large molecular weight, leading to a malabsorption on the part of our organism, since in this way our digestive system has it harder to ingest it properly and then be able to break it down into amino acids.
As we already know there are numerous foods that we will talk about later, that help us increase our level of this ingredient, but it is also important to know that of all those nutrients, Our body is only able to absorb a very low amount of this protein.
For all this, he is subjected to hydrolysis, whose purpose is to do the smaller particles, thus favoring that our body can digest molecules better, and thus take full advantage of them.
When we go to choose a supplement, it is important that we look if it is hydrolyzed, since it is definitely better and we will notice more significant changes.
We can find it in pill, powder, creams, etc.
If you want more information, I recommend you see this post: What is hydrolyzed collagen and what are its benefits.
When to take it
We should start taking a supplement, when we have deficit symptoms, that is, the appearance of wrinkles, flaccid skin, weak hair, bad nails, etc.
It is usually from 30 years when our body needs a complement to continue functioning properly, although it could be taken before without any problem, since it has no side effects.
The indicated dose is about 10 grams a day, either in pill, powder, etc. We can take it to the time that best suits our routine, since there is no specific time for it to have more effect, this will only depend on whether we are consistent in taking it, if so, We will notice the effects from the third month.
We all know that there are supplements to increase or counteract the deficit, but how do we prevent levels from decreasing?
I'm going to give you some guidelines, to carry out that they will help us preserve our protein for a longer time at its natural level:
- The main thing is food, we must bring a balance diet, rich in foods with vitamin C, sulfur, amino acid lysine, etc. Below I tell you the best foods we can take to eat a rich and healthy diet.
- Another factor that harms us in practically all areas of health and therefore deteriorates our collagen levels, is the overweight, we must avoid it and Exercise regularly.
- We must avoid the sun's rays that are so harmful to our skin, avoiding strong hours of sun when going outside, and also using sunscreen cream every time we leave home. In this way we must also avoid tobacco smoke, so harmful to our dermis and our nails.
- And finally, if we are still in deficit, supplement our daily routines with supplement Food of this protein.
To know how to increase our levels, you can not miss this news: How to increase collagen levels.
Foods to improve our skin
The fundamental thing for our dermis to look beautiful and healthy, is to have a balanced diet rich in this wonderful ingredient that brings us so many benefits. I am going to talk about the five most important:
- Blue Fish: It is a good food for our cardiovascular health, it would be great to take it twice a week, to help our bones and especially our dermis, thanks to its high content of omega 3, helping us prevent cell oxidation and it is also a wonderful anti-inflammatory
- Eggs: They are known as a powerful protein carrier, but it also helps our bones to be strong, since they are star ingredient producers What we want to achieve It is ideal to add two eggs a week to our diet.
- Onion: Increase collagen production thanks to being so rich in sulfur, helping us to the blood circulation of our dermis.
- Nuts: Mixing these wonderful foods, such as pine nuts, peanuts, nuts, etc., help us to improve our skin
- Strawberries: Fruit along with vegetables is the most important thing in a diet, and the Strawberry is the richest in this protein, helps us to produce this and also provides us antioxidants to our body.
To avoid that in our body we have this lack, we must among other factors add these foods to our diet.
Elastin and collagen
Many people confuse them, thinking that they are the same, but the reality is that they are not, it is true that the two are very important for the complexion, but we should know that they are not the same.
The collagen, as we know is a protein chain found in the inner layers of the organism, constituting practically 30% of the total muscle tissue and its function is keep all tissues together of our body.
On the other hand the elastin, it is also a protein but unlike, this is in the intermediate layersoffering us elasticityFor example, if we suffer at a time when our skin is stretched too much, it is responsible for making it return to its original position.
It is true that they complement each other, but each one offers a different function to the dermis, the first one gives us strength while the second one gives us elasticity.
The lack of these two proteins, it is reflected in a flaccid skin with wrinklesThis is why they are so important for our body.
They are also fundamental to the healing process of the wounds, and as they are proteins that over the years we are losing their production, if for example a kid a wound is made, this is will heal before that to an older person who no longer has such a level.
There are no contraindications per se by the collagen, but we can find people who shouldn't take it, simply by allergy problems to any animal protein, or if it is Phenylalanine intolerant. Also, even if this is not a contraindication, if you are doing a low protein diet, you should not consume it, since it is a supplement it.